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Indonesia Ranks among the Top 20 Global Economy

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Indonesia in Global Economy

In the sector of global economy, Indonesia is a growing country in Southeast Asia. It is an island nation renowned for its abundance of natural assets. Nevertheless, the economic level in this country is considered quite strong and stable in the world.

Indonesia is one of the strongest and most persistent high growth countries in the world. This is evidenced by the economic growth that can be sustained above 5% in 6 consecutive quarters.

Indonesia in Global Economy after COVID-19 Outbreaks and Ukraine War

Economy of Indonesia
Economy of Indonesia

Certainly, economic growth in all countries has various constraints. However, many countries will experience a significant slump in 2023. This is due to the increasing global level, especially when the COVID-19 outbreaks in various sectors.

The global economy is also still under high tension due to geopolitical escalation, both in Ukraine and between other major countries. Besides, debt distress in various countries, especially in developing and emerging countries as well as in developed countries, is also hindering the country’s economic recovery.

On the other hand, Indonesia’s economy grew stronger amidst the global economic slowdown. Domestic economic performance is well preserved, as inflation continues to decline and people’s purchasing power is also quite strong.

Indonesia’s inflation in May 2023 was recorded at 4.0% ( year on year), this percentage is claimed to be a better value than developed countries such as Italy, Australia, Germany, and Singapore.

What is Indonesia’s Economy Rank?

Based on a survey of the projected GDP value in 2023, it shows that Indonesia’s economy has increased to 16th out of the top 20 countries in the world. The GDP value is the sum of the added value of goods and services produced by various units of production in the territory of a country within a particular duration of time, normally determined on every year.

Indeed, ranking 20th and being the largest global economy is a good thing for Indonesia going forward. Indonesia is a Southeast Asian country whose economy is maintained and is included in the 2023 top global economy.

Indonesia is also one of the emerging market economies of the world. The country is also a member of the G-20 major economies and is categorized as an early industrializing country.

Factors Causing Indonesia’s Economy to Rebound

Economy Growths in Indonesia
Economy Growths in Indonesia

In line with this fact, by 2030, Indonesia could be the largest global economy. As mentioned earlier, in 2023, Indonesia was ranked 16th out of the top 20 countries in the world. For information, Indonesia’s GDP has exceeded $1 trillion for the first time in 2017.

By 2030, Indonesia’s economy will be below America (ranked 3rd) and above Turkey (ranked 5th). Of course, this will be favorable for the growth and progress of the country.

The main factors that influence this country’s economy to rise globally are:

  • 1. Proper utilization of natural resources as well as their efficient processing
  • 2. The increase of effective and professional human resources
  • 3. Stronger export and import levels in various sectors
  • 4. A surplus trade balance

These are the primary factors for Indonesia to rise from its economic downturn. The government is also taking plans to accelerate the national economic recovery amidst the potential risks of inflation going forward by strengthening collaboration and policy coordination to maintain macro-economy stability and encourage the momentum of economic revival.

However, global risks remain high, especially the impact of rising geopolitical tensions, financial sector volatility, and contracting global manufacturing. The good performance of the state budget shows the resilience of the Indonesian economy amidst global pressures. The state budgets will remain the main instrument in supporting Indonesia’s economic recovery and transformation.

Although the country’s economy is getting better, this does not mean that Indonesia remains calm and does not do anything. Instead, the government must plan for the future and how to achieve Indonesia Maju 2045 program and a stable global economy in the top 5 by 2030. Of course, this is not the task of the government alone but also the task for all Indonesians to continue to unite to achieve a brighter Indonesia.

It represents a simple overview of Indonesia’s economical position, which keeps improving year after year until it reaches the highest position in the global economy and grows the only Southeast Asian country in the top 20 that performs better than Singapore.

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The Future of Indonesia Economy and Strength of USD

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The Future of Indonesia Economy

The weakening of the Rupiah always becomes bad news for the future of Indonesia economy. Even though this is not the first time, it can do a huge damage to the local economy especially during high inflation right now.

According to the economists in Indonesia, they already warn that the recent weakening of the Rupiah against the USD could put more pressure on people’s purchasing power, along with the high prices of imported goods.

Which Sectors will be Affected for the future of Indonesia economy?

The strengthening of the dollar will clearly affect the future of Indonesia economy. This is because this country is still quite dependent on imports. If the Rupiah exchange rate weakens, various sectors that depend on imports will suffer major losses.

So, what are the sectors that will be most affected by these economic conditions? The following is a list and explanation.

1. Foods  

This one is actually quite ironic since the future of Indonesia economy still relies on imports to meet domestic needs. Most of the imported foods are actually staple foods like rice, flour, sugar, beans, onion, and etc. If the weakening of the Rupiah becomes worse, the government needs to make proper regulations to keep the price of basic necessities.

Just like what we explain above, with this condition imported goods like food will become more expensive and make low income families unable to afford it. This can also cause a chain effect because with the rise of food prices, the prices of other necessities will also rise.

2. Manufacture Industry

You may have heard about this word but do you know what manufacturing really means for the future of Indonesia economy? Manufacturing is a branch of industry that operates equipment, machines and labor in a process medium to process raw materials, spare parts and other components to be produced into finished goods that have selling value.

Even though Indonesia is rich with natural resources, this country mainly produces and exports raw material. To produce better products, they still depend heavily on imported materials. In fact, it is not uncommon for them to export raw materials and import finished products.

This is certainly very unfortunate considering that the Indonesian manufacturing sector is actually able to compete with foreign products. With the strengthening of the dollar, it will be difficult for the local manufacturing industry to survive because production costs will increase significantly while income remains the same.

3. Pharmacy

For the future of Indonesia economy, It is not a secret that most of the raw materials that are used for the pharmaceutical industry in Indonesia are mostly imported. Even according to some experts, the ratio of imported material in the industry has already reached 90%. 

Just like the food sector, Indonesian pharmaceuticals, which should be an important sector, are still dependent on imports. In fact, this industry has a big role in the national health system.

If the price of imported materials increases, the price of medicines will also increase drastically. This is certainly dangerous because it could burden the state’s health insurance budget.

4. Electronic

Do you know if Indonesia is one of the biggest smartphone markets in the world? With a population around 270 million, this country is a massive potential market for electronic devices. Unfortunately, Indonesia may be seen only as a consumer and not producer of these electronic goods.

Why? Because the majority of the products are imported, mainly from China. The future of Indonesia economy actually has few electronic and technology companies but most of them also still rely on imported parts. So, if the dollar rises, the price of these products will get more and more expensive.

5. Energy

For information, even though Indonesia is able to produce its own energy like oil, gas, and electricity, it is not enough to meet domestic consumption. Because of this, Indonesia still has to import large quantities of oil from other countries to maintain its energy needs.

The future of Indonesia economy has actually started to reduce the amount of imported energy but the number is still very high. And for information, almost the majority of the imported energy will be used as subsidies for its people.

This type of subsidies actually has become the subject of debate among officials and the public because the numbers are very large and continue to burden the state budget along with the strengthening of the dollar.

The following is some information regarding the sectors most affected by the rise in the dollar. It is necessary to understand that this problem is actually quite serious because it is related to the future of Indonesia economy sustainability. So, let’s pray that the Indonesian government can handle this problem as soon as possible.

Read Also: Indonesia Maju 2045, Will This Program Become Possible?

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Prabowo-Gibran’s First 100 Day Programs has been Prepared

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Prabowo-Gibran's First 100 Day Programs

After we discuss that Prabowo expects to make Indonesia as a developed country, there will be a question, so what are of his first 100 day programs? Every country in this world has a different culture and different way to show something, including in government. For such a big and populated country like Indonesia, it can be a little bit different compared to the rest of the world.

Just like other democratic countries, Indonesia’s president and officials have a term of office for 5 years or 1 period. But, do you know if they also focus on the first 100 days during the leadership? This is actually more familiar with the president and other elite officials since they get more exposure than ordinary staff.

Prabowo-Gibran’s First 100 Day Programs

So, if the first 100 day programs are important, what about Indonesia’s future leader Prabowo-Gibran? What program will become their priority for the first 3 months of their leadership? Here is the list.

1. Free Lunch Program for Kids

During presidential debates, Prabowo-Gibran always focuses on this first 100 day programs. Even for the general public, this free lunch program is like their trademark since they are the only candidates that propose this program.

For information, some parts of Indonesia, especially in remote and quite isolated areas, still battle with malnutrition cases. Ironically, the number of cases are quite high and are starting to raise concern among the general public during the high inflation.

Even though this program still stir controversies, we all know if the reason behind this program is very good and reasonable, to reduce the number of malnutrition in children.

2. Create Better and Affordable Healthcare

Indonesia might not be a developed country but it has quite good and organized healthcare. Even though it’s not perfect, it’s affordable so many people, especially from low income families can get better treatment.

One of the main problems in Indonesia healthcare actually comes from its infrastructure. As we explained before, many remote areas still struggle with malnutrition cases, this is actually the result of lack of proper facilities and healthcare workers.

Because of this first 100 day programs, Prabowo-Gibran already plans to give free medical treatment and build better hospitals with top facilities in every district in Indonesia.

3. Increase Agriculture

Indonesia also suffers from the rising price of staple food. This is actually ironic because in the past, this country was well known as an agricultural nation where they could meet their domestic needs and even export food to neighboring countries.

Due to the first 100 day programs, Prabowo-Gibran has plans to increase agriculture productivity with multiple methods. In the master plan, this program will start from a small to national scale.

4. Education

Beside stunting, Prabowo-Gibran also focuses on improving Indonesia education facilities. Just for your information, education infrastructure such as school, library, and etc in Indonesia is not equally distributed. Some areas, usually in the big cities in Java, have very good facilities meanwhile some (remote and isolated) areas have very poor and limited facilities.

As the first 100 day programs, the new leader has plans to build more integrated schools in many areas and renovate damaged schools so they can be used safely again.

5. Eradicate Poverty

Unfortunately, poverty is still one of the biggest problems in Indonesia. Even though this country already has multiple programs and regulations to eradicate poverty, the number of low income families seem to haven’t reduced significantly.

In the master plan, Prabowo-Gibran wants to continue President Jokowi’s social program to eradicate poverty in Indonesia. During the Jokowi era, Indonesia actually has few promising programs such as social welfare cards and business assistance for small entrepreneurs that will be continued by Probowo-Gibran.

6. Increase the Salaries of Civil Servants

This first 100 day programs actually became pro and cons to the general public and government. Why? Because for Indonesia, civil servants such as government staff, teachers, healthcare workers, police, and soldiers already have good and stable salaries.

Not to mention many of the civil servants still do not have good dedication and competence. This is the main reason why this plan is still controversial especially during the high inflation right now. The increased salary may cause the price of basic necessities like food to become more expensive than before.

7. Affordable Housing

Affordable housing has become one of the main necessities especially for the younger generation. Just like other millennials and Gen Z around the world, many Indonesians can’t afford a house because it’s too expensive. With this program, the government has plans to build affordable houses with low interest in different areas. 

8. Increase GDP

For your information, taxes in Indonesia are quite high. But, in the future Prabowo still wants to establish a state revenue agency and increase GDP by 23%. With this plan, in the future there is a possibility of increasing taxes from certain sectors.

Those are the list of the first 100 day programs of Prabowo-Gibran’s leadership programs. All these programs above are listed on their official campaign website. We just hope that the plan runs smoothly and can be useful for the community.

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Indonesia Sharia Economy under Prabowo’s New Regulation

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Indonesia Sharia Economy

We may be familiar with conventional economic systems but do you know what makes the sharia economy different? The economic system of sharia provides a compromise between capitalism and socialism. Therefore, the sharia economic system applies the principles of goodness from these two economic systems.

The Islamic economic system is a new industry that has successfully gained traction at the global level. If you look at the system, particularly Islamic finance, it is based on the principles of Islamic law (Shariah) and prohibits interest-based transactions, speculation and gambling. Islamic finance promotes risk sharing, ethical investment and social responsibility.

Indonesia’s Sharia Economy Master Plan

As a country with the biggest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia has enormous potential to develop the Islamic economy. This country has long been trying to improve its sharia economy and is starting to see significant developments especially during President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) era.

With this reason, the future president and vice president Prabowo Subianto–Gibran Rakabuming Raka are committed to continuing the sharia economic and optimizing sharia economics program of the era of President Jokowi as a new motor for economic growth in Indonesia.

During the previous presidential debate, Gibran also touched on the State of Global Islamic Economy (SGIE), an indicator in sharia economy issued by Dinar Standard. He explained that in developing sharia economics the government needs to know the achievements of various countries in the world in the field of sharia economics, each of which has its own parameters.

For your information, the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo launched the Indonesian Sharia Economic Master Plan 2019-2024 a few years ago at the Office of the Ministry of National Development Planning, Central Jakarta. The master plan recommends four main steps and strategies as breakthrough steps and acceleration of domestic sharia economy growth. Here is the list.

1. Halal Value Chain

An inventory and mapping of obstacles to sharia economy development needs to be carried out by evaluating previous targets and achievements. For example, the main mission was to make Indonesia the center of world halal producers. Unfortunately, there are two main issues to achieve this mission, such as Halal Industrial Area and halal certification.

Even though Halal industry area has been established, the level of occupancy is still an issue which has an impact on the lack of its activity. Therefore, the formation of halal industry areas to support the domestic halal industry has not had enough visible impact. Therefore, the involvement of stakeholders, especially the private sector in bringing in investors and bringing halal industry to life, is necessary.

The second issue is the acceleration of halal certification. According to the Indonesia official, the first step is to strengthen the halal value chain by focusing on sectors that are considered potential and highly competitive.

But, considering the fact it is necessary to reconsider and re-measure the targets and timelines that have been set by the government, especially the halal certification targets at the micro and small business level.

The main target set is to accelerate certification in the upstream and raw materials sectors because products at the small business level depend on these two sectors. If both have been certified, it will be easier for small private businesses to apply for a halal self-declaration and achieve the national halal certification target.

2. Sharia Finance

Strengthening the sharia financial sector with a master plan that was outlined in the previous master plan for Indonesian Sharia Financial Architecture (SFA) and refined into the master plan.

There is a need to pay attention to the development of the sharia financial sector as a driving force for the sharia economy. Programs to increase sharia financial market share should not be limited to sharia banking consolidation actions, but also to penetration and inclusion in the wider community.

Therefore, more than one large Islamic bank is needed to increase competitiveness in the industry so that the products and services offered to the public are more competitive and efficient. A few of the many issues above need to be paid attention to and included in the preparation of the second volume of Indonesian Sharia Economic Master Plan 2024-2029.

The preparation of the next master plan is the first step in maintaining the continuity of the vision and mission of Indonesian sharia economy in the previous plan. Therefore, this regulation needs to contain strategies and priority programs for sharia economic development in Indonesia for the next 5 years and become the main reference for sharia economic stakeholders.

3. Strengthening the Small, Local Business Owner

Indonesia is famous for its economic strength that is supported by small and medium scale local business. They are the reason why the country’s economy has survived multiple global crises. 

Therefore, it is not surprising that the government makes local entrepreneurs a priority in the sharia economy master plan, especially making them the main driver of the halal value chain.

4. Strengthening the Digital Economy

With more than 270 million of population, Indonesia has become a new digital economy power not only in South East Asia but in Asia. Recently, online trading, especially e-commerce, has started to replace traditional trade in Indonesia. 

The reasons why the governments want to focus on the digital economy especially trade (e-commerce, market place) and finance (financial technology) so that it can encourage and accelerate the achievement of other strategies.

Those are the following information regarding Indonesia’s estimated plans for the sharia economy in the hands of the elected president, Prabowo. Considering its massive potential, we only hope that future master plans will give even greater positive impact. So, let’s just wait for the results.

Read Also: Indonesia Ranks among the Top 20 Global Economy

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